<body><!--'"</title></head>--> <script type="text/javascript"> //OwnerIQ var __oiq_pct = 50; if( __oiq_pct>=100 || Math.floor(Math.random()*100/(100-__oiq_pct)) > 0 ) { var _oiqq = _oiqq || []; _oiqq.push(['oiq_addPageBrand','Lycos']); _oiqq.push(['oiq_addPageCat','Internet > Websites']); _oiqq.push(['oiq_addPageLifecycle','Intend']); _oiqq.push(['oiq_doTag']); (function() { var oiq = document.createElement('script'); oiq.type = 'text/javascript'; oiq.async = true; oiq.src = document.location.protocol + '//px.owneriq.net/stas/s/lycosn.js'; var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(oiq, s); })(); } //Google Analytics var _gaq = _gaq || []; _gaq.push(['_setAccount','UA-21402695-19']); _gaq.push(['_setDomainName','tripod.com']); _gaq.push(['_setCustomVar',1,'member_name','hybridproject',3]); _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); (function() { var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + '.google-analytics.com/ga.js'; var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); })(); //Lycos Init function getReferrer() { var all= this.document.cookie; if (all== '') return false; var cookie_name = 'REFERRER='; var start = all.lastIndexOf(cookie_name); if (start == -1) return false; start += cookie_name.length; var end = all.indexOf(';', start); if (end == -1) end = all.length; return all.substring(start, end); } function getQuery() { var rfr = getReferrer(); if (rfr == '') return false; var q = extractQuery(rfr, 'yahoo.com', 'p='); if (q) return q; q = extractQuery(rfr, '', 'q='); return q ? q : ""; } function extractQuery(full, site, q_param) { var start = full.lastIndexOf(site); if (start == -1) return false; start = full.lastIndexOf(q_param); if (start == -1) return false; start += q_param.length; var end = full.indexOf('&', start); if (end == -1) end = full.length; return unescape(full.substring(start, end)).split(" ").join("+"); } function generateHref(atag, template){ atag.href=template.replace('_MYURL_', window.location.href.replace('http://', '')).replace('_MYTITLE_','Check%20out%20this%20Tripod%20Member%20site!'); } var lycos_ad = Array(); var lycos_onload_timer; var cm_role = "live"; var cm_host = "tripod.lycos.com"; var cm_taxid = "/memberembedded"; var tripod_member_name = "hybridproject"; var tripod_member_page = "hybridproject/print/hybridprint.html"; var tripod_ratings_hash = "1524525740:c585d026d7e6bcf80dacf3f88c1ccab3"; var lycos_ad_category = null; var lycos_ad_remote_addr = "54.198.122.70"; var lycos_ad_www_server = "www.tripod.lycos.com"; var lycos_ad_track_small = "http://members.tripod.com/adm/img/common/ot_smallframe.gif?rand=989059"; var lycos_ad_track_served = "http://members.tripod.com/adm/img/common/ot_adserved.gif?rand=989059"; var lycos_search_query = getQuery(); </script> <script type="text/javascript" src="http://scripts.lycos.com/catman/init.js"></script> <script type='text/javascript'> var googletag = googletag || {}; googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; (function() { var gads = document.createElement('script'); gads.async = true; gads.type = 'text/javascript'; var useSSL = 'https:' == document.location.protocol; gads.src = (useSSL ? 'https:' : 'http:') + '//www.googletagservices.com/tag/js/gpt.js'; var node = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; node.parentNode.insertBefore(gads, node); })(); </script> <script type='text/javascript'> googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.defineSlot('/95963596/TRI_300X250_dfp', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1450204159126-0').addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.defineSlot('/95963596/TRI_above_728x90_dfp', [728, 90], 'div-gpt-ad-1450204159126-1').addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.defineSlot('/95963596/TRI_below_728x90_dfp', [728, 90], 'div-gpt-ad-1450204159126-2').addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); googletag.enableServices(); }); </script> <script type="text/javascript"> (function(isV) { if( !isV ) { return; } var adMgr = new AdManager(); var lycos_prod_set = adMgr.chooseProductSet(); var slots = ["leaderboard", "leaderboard2", "toolbar_image", "toolbar_text", "smallbox", "top_promo", "footer2", "slider"]; var adCat = this.lycos_ad_category; adMgr.setForcedParam('page', (adCat && adCat.dmoz) ? adCat.dmoz : 'member'); if (this.lycos_search_query) { adMgr.setForcedParam("keyword", this.lycos_search_query); } else if(adCat && adCat.find_what) { adMgr.setForcedParam('keyword', adCat.find_what); } for (var s in slots) { var slot = slots[s]; if (adMgr.isSlotAvailable(slot)) { this.lycos_ad[slot] = adMgr.getSlot(slot); } } adMgr.renderHeader(); adMgr.renderFooter(); }((function() { var w = 0, h = 0, minimumThreshold = 300; if (top == self) { return true; } if (typeof(window.innerWidth) == 'number' ) { w = window.innerWidth; h = window.innerHeight; } else if (document.documentElement && (document.documentElement.clientWidth || document.documentElement.clientHeight)) { w = document.documentElement.clientWidth; h = document.documentElement.clientHeight; } else if (document.body && (document.body.clientWidth || document.body.clientHeight)) { w = document.body.clientWidth; h = document.body.clientHeight; } return ((w > minimumThreshold) && (h > minimumThreshold)); 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for (var i = 0; i < areaNodes.length; i++) { var a = parseInt(getComputedStyle(areaNodes[i]).width); if ((a >= 300) && (a <= 400)) { properNode = areaNodes[i]; break; } } var propertyName = getMetaContent("property") || false; if( isTrellix && (properNode) ) { e.src = '/adm/ad/injectAd.iframe.html'; properNode.insertBefore(e, properNode.firstChild); } else if( isTrellix && !( properNode ) ) // Slap the ad eventhought there is no alocated slot { e.src = '/adm/ad/injectAd.iframe.html'; e.style.cssFloat = 'none'; var cdiv = document.createElement('div'); cdiv.style = "width:300px;margin:10px auto;"; cdiv.appendChild( e ); b.insertBefore(cdiv, b.lastChild); } else if( !isBlokedByDomain( location.href ) ) { var injF = document.createElement('iframe'); injF.style.border = '0'; injF.style.margin = 0; injF.style.display = 'block'; injF.style.cssFloat = 'none'; injF.style.height = '254px'; injF.style.overflow = 'hidden'; injF.style.padding = 0; injF.style.width = '300px'; injF.src = '/adm/ad/injectAd.iframe.html'; if( b && ( !isTrellix || ( typeof isTrellix == "undefined" ) ) ) // All other tripod props { var cdiv = document.createElement('div'); cdiv.style = "width:300px;margin:10px auto;"; cdiv.appendChild( injF ); b.insertBefore(cdiv, b.lastChild); } } }( document.isTrellix )); } </script> <div id="tb_container" style="background:#DFDCCF; border-bottom:1px solid #393939; position:relative; z-index:999999999!important"> <!--form name="search" onSubmit="return searchit()" id='header_search' > <input type="text" placeholder="Search" size=30 name="search2" value=""> <input type="button" value="Go!" onClick="searchit()"> </form> <style> form#header_search { width: 916px; margin: 0 auto 8px; position: relative; } form#header_search input { height: 40px; font-size: 14px; line-height: 40px; padding: 0 8px; box-sizing: border-box; background: #F4F2E9; border: 1px solid #BBB8B8; transition: background-color 300ms ease-out, color 300ms ease; } form#header_search input[type="text"] { width: 100%; } form#header_search input[type="text"]:focus { border-color: #A2D054; background-color: #fff; box-shadow: 0 0px 12px -4px #A2D054; } form#header_search input[type="button"] { position: absolute; top: 1px; right: 1px; opacity: 1; background: #DFDCCF; color: #463734; width: 125px; cursor: pointer; height: 38px; border: none; } form#header_search input[type="text"]:focus ~ input[type='button']:hover, form#header_search input[type='button']:hover { background-color: #A5CE56; color: #fff; } form#header_search input[type="text"]:focus ~ input[type='button'] { background-color: #52AEDF; color: #fff; } </style> <script> function searchit(){ // determine environment var search_env if (lycos_ad_www_server.indexOf(".pd.") > -1) { search_env = 'http://search51.pd.lycos.com/a/'; } else if (lycos_ad_www_server.indexOf(".qa.") > -1) { search_env = 'http://search51.qa.lycos.com/a/'; } else { search_env = 'http://search51.lycos.com/a/'; } var search_term = encodeURIComponent(document.search.search2.value) var search_url = search_env+search_term; window.open(search_url); return false } </script--> <style> .adCenterClass{margin:0 auto} </style> <div id="tb_ad" class="adCenterClass" style="display:block!important; overflow:hidden; width:916px;"> <a href="http://adtrack.ministerial5.com/clicknew/?a=637394" title="build your own website at Tripod.com" style="float:left; width:186px; border:0"> <img src="http://ly.lygo.com/ly/tpSite/images/freeAd2.jpg" alt="Make your own free website on Tripod.com" style="border:0; display:block" /> </a> <div id="ad_container" style="display:block!important; float:left; width:728px "> <script type="text/javascript"> document.write(if "leaderboard" in lycos_ad lycos_ad['leaderboard']); //document.write(lycos_ad['leaderboard']); </script> </div> </div> </div> <script type="text/javascript"> document.write(if "slider" in lycos_ad lycos_ad['slider']); //document.write(lycos_ad['slider']); </script> <!-- added 7/22 --> <div id="FooterAd" style="background:#DFDCCF; border-top:1px solid #393939; clear:both; display:none; width:100%!important; position:relative; z-index:999999!important; height:90px!important"> <div class="adCenterClass" style="display:block!important; overflow:hidden; width:916px;"> <a href="http://adtrack.ministerial5.com/clicknew/?a=637394" title="build your own website at Tripod.com" style="float:left; display:block; width:186px; border:0"> <img src="http://ly.lygo.com/ly/tpSite/images/freeAd2.jpg" alt="Make your own free website on Tripod.com" style="border:0; display:block; " /> </a> <div id="footerAd_container" style="display:block!important; float:left; width:728px"> <iframe id="lycosFooterAdiFrame" style="border:0; display:block; float:left; height:96px; overflow:hidden; padding:0; width:750px"></iframe> </div> </div> </div>
 

What's a Hybrid? A Brief Overview

A hybrid-electric vehicle, or HEV, is a vehicle that operates on both electric power and something else. In many cases, that something else is internal combustion, and can involve the combustion of gasoline as well as natural gas, hydrogen, or propane.

The advantages of an HEV are plentiful. Besides being much more fuel efficient than their fully internal combustion counterparts, hybrids are much cleaner and are better for the environment. Electric drivetrains are well suited to reclaiming energy that is usually completely lost in other varieties of vehicles. Braking, for instance, is usually a complete loss of the vehicle's kinetic energy. With an electric or hybrid-electric drivetrain, a process called regenerative braking can convert a vehicle's motion to electric energy to use later.

Most of the commercially available hybrids (such as the Toyota Prius or the Honda Insight or Hybrid Civic) have drivetrains that incorporate regenerative braking as their primary source of electric energy. This means that the battery pack does not get charged unless the vehicle is being slowed with the brakes. It is for this reason that these hybrids excel in stop-and-go city driving, while on the highway (with no braking or electric assist) their fuel economy is more comparable to vehicles with more traditional drivetrains. This is called a 'parallel' arrangement (see diagram to the right).

The design that I plan on using for my hybrid is a 'series' arrangement, which takes a full-electric platform and essentially adds a small generator for on-the-fly charging. This arrangement has a few advantages over the parallel arrangement, especially in the case of added efficiency. This is due to a smaller gasoline engine, and to the fact that the engine is allowed to run at a constant speed. I will also be able to take advantage of regenerative braking.

For short range requirements, my vehicle will be able to run on electric power alone. This is a definite advantage for a utilitarian vehicle like a truck, which is often used around town and may not have to cover long distances on a regular basis. Operating solely on electric power is much more cost effective and is cleaner than always having to fuel an internal combustion engine.

Additionally, I have decided to charge the vehicle's battery pack using wind energy by purchasing some windshares from YVEA. This means that when not running the internal combustion engine, my vehicle will truly be zero-emissions.

 

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